Wednesday, June 19, 2024

Panch Kedar Temples of Uttarakhand

Kavita Farswan is a travel enthusiast and blogger currently working with online travel company Adventure, Pilgrimage or Exploration- there are few trajectories she hasn’t been on. While she is not backpacking or exploring the hidden mysteries of remote terrains, she lets her words awake the longings for travel in other hearts.

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The Panch Kedar is a group of five sacred Hindu temples located in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. These temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva and are considered some of the holiest pilgrimage sites in the country. Each of the Panch Kedar temples has its own unique significance and is situated in the breathtaking Himalayan region. In this comprehensive essay, we will explore the history, significance, and individual characteristics of each of the Panch Kedar temples, shedding light on their spiritual and cultural importance.

Panch Kedar: A Spiritual Journey

Panch Kedar, as the name suggests, comprises five holy shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva. These temples hold immense religious and cultural importance in Hinduism. The journey to these shrines is considered an act of penance and devotion. Pilgrims embark on this spiritual journey seeking Lord Shiva’s blessings and forgiveness.

Legend and Mythology

The legend of Panch Kedar is closely associated with the great Indian epic, the Mahabharata. It is believed that after the Kurukshetra war, the Pandavas sought Lord Shiva’s blessings for atonement. However, Lord Shiva eluded them and transformed into a bull. The Pandavas followed him to the five different locations where he reappeared, and these spots became the Panch Kedar temples.

The Five Sacred Shrines

1. Kedarnath Temple

Kedarnath Temple, often regarded as the most famous temple of Uttarakhand, is also the most revered among the Panch Kedar temples. It is located in the Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand, situated at an altitude of approximately 3,583 meters (11,755 feet) above sea level. This temple is dedicated to Lord Kedarnath, a form of Lord Shiva. The temple is believed to have been constructed by Adi Shankaracharya in the 8th century, although some sources suggest that it may date back even further.

The primary deity of Kedarnath Temple is a large conical rock, worshipped as the ‘Jyotirlinga,’ representing the formless and eternal nature of Lord Shiva. The temple is made of large, heavy stone slabs and is surrounded by snow-capped peaks and pristine glaciers. Pilgrims have to undertake a challenging trek of approximately 14 kilometers from Gaurikund to reach Kedarnath. The temple remains open only during the summer months due to the extreme weather conditions in the region.

Legend has it that after the Kurukshetra War, the Pandavas sought Lord Shiva’s forgiveness for the sins they had committed during the war. Lord Shiva, in the form of a bull, tried to evade them but eventually revealed himself at Kedarnath. The hump of the bull is said to have appeared in the temple, which is why Lord Shiva is worshipped here as Kedarnath, the “Lord of the Field.”

2. Tungnath Temple

Tungnath Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is the second temple in the Panch Kedar circuit and serves as the starting point for the beautiful trek of Uttarakhand. It is located at an altitude of approximately 3,680 meters (12,073 feet) above sea level, making it one of the highest Shiva temples in the world. Tungnath is situated in the Rudraprayag district, not far from Kedarnath.

The temple is a relatively small but beautiful structure, known for its exquisite architecture and wooden carvings. Legend has it that the Pandavas, during their search for Lord Shiva, built this temple. It is said that the hands of Lord Shiva appeared at Tungnath, and the temple is dedicated to this divine manifestation. Tungnath also serves as the starting point for the trek to Chandrashila, a popular peak known for its panoramic views of the Himalayas.

3. Rudranath Temple

Rudranath Temple is the third temple in the Panch Kedar circuit and is dedicated to Lord Shiva in his fierce form. It is situated at an altitude of approximately 3,600 meters (11,811 feet) above sea level in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand. The temple is not as easily accessible as Kedarnath, and pilgrims have to undertake a challenging trek to reach it.

Rudranath is believed to be the place where the face of Lord Shiva is worshipped. According to Hindu mythology, when the Pandavas were in search of Lord Shiva, his face appeared at Rudranath. The temple is a simple stone structure surrounded by lush meadows and dense forests. The tranquility and natural beauty of the area make it a spiritually uplifting experience for devotees.

4. Madhyamaheshwar Temple

Madhyamaheshwar Temple is the fourth temple in the Panch Kedar circuit and is dedicated to Lord Shiva in his Ardhanarishwara (half-man, half-woman) form. Situated at an altitude of approximately 3,497 meters (11,473 feet) above sea level in the Rudraprayag district, this temple is considered one of the most important pilgrimage sites in the region.

According to legend, the navel of Lord Shiva is believed to have appeared at Madhyamaheshwar. The temple is a serene and picturesque place, accessible through a trek from Uniana, a small village in Uttarakhand. The temple, set against the backdrop of towering peaks and pristine meadows, is a place of deep spiritual significance.

5. Kalpeshwar Temple

Kalpeshwar Temple is the last temple in the Panch Kedar circuit, located at an altitude of approximately 2,200 meters (7,217 feet) above sea level in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva in the form of “Jatadhari” or one with matted locks. Kalpeshwar is the most accessible among the Panch Kedar temples.

The temple is situated in a cave, and it is believed that Lord Shiva retreated to this cave to meditate and protect the divine Kalpavriksha tree. The cave is small, and the idol of Lord Shiva is a naturally occurring rock formation. Pilgrims can reach Kalpeshwar through a relatively easy trek from Helang village.

Trekking and Pilgrimage

Each of the Panch Kedar shrines requires a trek through picturesque landscapes, dense forests, and challenging terrains. Pilgrims undertake these journeys with unwavering faith, making it an adventure of both body and soul.

Kedarnath Trek

The Kedarnath trek is a 16-kilometer journey that leads to the sacred Kedarnath Temple. The trek is both physically demanding and spiritually uplifting. Along the way, pilgrims pass through lush forests, gushing rivers, and quaint villages, making it an immersive experience.

Tungnath Trek

The Tungnath trek is a 3.5-kilometer ascent that rewards trekkers with stunning views and a sense of peace at the highest Shiva temple. This relatively short trek is perfect for those looking for a spiritual escape amidst breathtaking natural beauty.

Rudranath Trek

The Rudranath trek is approximately 20 kilometers and offers breathtaking views of the Nanda Devi and Trishul peaks. The journey includes traversing alpine meadows and crossing rivers, making it an adventure for the avid trekker.

Madmaheshwar Trek

The Madmaheshwar trek is a 16-kilometer trail through dense forests, leading to the serene temple of Madmaheshwar. This trek combines spirituality with the thrill of exploring the diverse flora and fauna of the Himalayas.

Kalpeshwar Trek

The Kalpeshwar trek is a relatively easy 3-kilometer hike that takes you to the divine abode of Lord Shiva. The short trek allows even beginners to experience the spiritual aura of Kalpeshwar without strenuous effort.

Cultural Significance

Panch Kedar is not only about natural beauty and adventure; it also holds profound cultural and religious significance. The local communities celebrate various festivals and rituals, adding vibrancy to the spiritual atmosphere. The vibrant local culture includes traditional dance, music, and rituals that create a unique atmosphere during pilgrimages.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Panch Kedar is during the summer months, from May to June, and the post-monsoon period, from September to October. During these times, the weather is pleasant, and the trails are accessible. These seasons offer clear skies and comfortable temperatures, making it ideal for trekking and temple visits.

Accommodation and Facilities

Pilgrims can find accommodation options ranging from basic lodges to more comfortable guesthouses. However, it’s essential to book in advance during the peak pilgrimage season. Some of the guesthouses and lodges offer simple yet cozy rooms with stunning mountain views. In addition, facilities for dining and prayer are available at the temple premises.

Local Cuisine

While on your journey to Panch Kedar, savor the delicious local cuisine. Traditional Garhwali dishes like Aloo Ke Gutke, Mandua Ki Roti, and Gahat Ki Dal are a treat for the taste buds. These dishes provide the much-needed energy and warmth required during the high-altitude treks.

Panch Kedar: A Photographer’s Paradise

For photography enthusiasts, Panch Kedar is a dream destination. The breathtaking landscapes, lush meadows, and ancient temples provide endless opportunities for capturing the essence of this sacred land. The region’s diverse topography and the interplay of light and shadow make it a haven for photographers.

Conservation Efforts

The fragile Himalayan ecosystem is under threat due to increasing tourism. Responsible tourism and conservation efforts are crucial to preserving the natural beauty of Panch Kedar. Many local organizations and authorities are working tirelessly to maintain the ecological balance and protect the region’s biodiversity. Visitors are encouraged to minimize their environmental impact by following eco-friendly practices.

Safety Tips for Pilgrims

Pilgrims must prepare adequately for the challenging treks. It’s essential to acclimatize, carry necessary supplies, and be cautious while trekking in the high-altitude regions. Some essential safety tips include staying hydrated, dressing in layers, and taking regular breaks to avoid altitude sickness. Additionally, hiring local guides who are familiar with the terrain is advisable for a safe journey.

How to Reach Panch Kedar

To reach Panch Kedar, you can travel to Rishikesh or Haridwar by road or train and then proceed to the respective trekking base camps. From these towns, you can hire local transportation or join organized tours that provide transportation and guides. The journey to the base camps is itself a scenic drive through picturesque landscapes.

Unveiling Hidden Gems

While exploring Panch Kedar, keep an eye out for hidden gems like serene meadows, pristine waterfalls, and rare Himalayan flora and fauna. The region is a treasure trove of natural beauty, and you’ll encounter these hidden gems as you journey between the sacred shrines. Don’t forget to capture these moments and experiences in your heart and camera.


Panch Kedar is more than just a pilgrimage; it’s a transformative journey that connects you with nature, spirituality, and the timeless legends of Lord Shiva. A visit to these sacred shrines will leave you with a sense of fulfillment and a deep connection with the divine. Whether you seek spiritual solace, an adventure of a lifetime, or a rendezvous with nature, Panch Kedar offers it all.


Q-1: Is Panch Kedar suitable for all age groups?
Panch Kedar treks vary in difficulty, so it’s essential to choose one that suits your physical fitness level. There are options for both seasoned trekkers and those looking for less challenging journeys.

Q-2: What is the significance of the bull in the Panch Kedar legend?
Ans: The bull represents Lord Shiva in disguise, leading the Pandavas to the five sacred spots. It signifies the divine play of Lord Shiva.

Q-3: Can you visit all five Kedar temples in one trip?
Ans: Yes, many pilgrims complete the entire Panch Kedar pilgrimage in one journey, usually spanning a couple of weeks. This comprehensive journey allows you to explore all five temples and the diverse landscapes that connect them.

Q-4: Are there medical facilities available during the treks?
Ans: Basic medical facilities are available in some villages and base camps. However, it’s advisable to carry a well-equipped first-aid kit, personal medications, and consult a doctor before embarking on the journey.

Q-5: What should I pack for a Panch Kedar trek?
Ans: Pack warm clothing, trekking gear, a raincoat, essential medicines, and a sturdy pair of hiking boots. It’s important to travel light while ensuring you have all necessary supplies for the trek, including drinking water, snacks, and a comfortable backpack.

Embark on this spiritual and adventurous journey to Panch Kedar, and you will discover a land where the divine and the natural world merge seamlessly, leaving you with memories to cherish for a lifetime.

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